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Pregnancy Bliss | Reproductive Health Hub

Contact Answers In the News Hot Topics


Breast changes after childbirth

Question: How to take care of the breasts after the breast feeding is stopped say after one or two years? Some people while having sex try to suck the nipples but nothing  come out.They are worried that their breasts are not playing a role for sex because women do not get orgasm until breasts are used. how to have a better shape of  the breasts? Some times while trying to squeeze the breasts no fluid comes out? why? is there any problem in the breasts. S. (India)


Answer: Many, probably most women, experience breast changes after a full term pregnancy and breast-feeding. In fact, the changes are more to do with the pregnancy rather than the breast feeding. As such, even women who opt to bottle-feed will see just about the same amount of changes. What many find rather distressing is the loss of firmness. This varies from person to person. Some women will maintain breast firmness even after multiple deliveries and breast-feeding. These changes are, in fact, irreversible. This is because the fibrous tissue which is responsible for the firmness is stretched and the volume of the breast tissue and retained fat and fluid tend to go down at the end of pregnancy and breast production.

If this loss of firmness is extreme and the breasts are quite droopy, the only remedy is plastic surgery. This  does not necessarily mean using implants.


Regarding the breast secretions that you alluded to in your question, in fact when the breast is not lactating, it is not supposed to produce any secretions. Presence of any watery, milky or bloody secretions from a non-lactating breast is not normal even with sucking. If this happens, it should be brought to the attention of a doctor. It is true that many couples find that sucking breasts plays an important role during sex and many women find it vital for arousal. Breast feeding does not reduce this sensitivity. A man sucking on a woman’s breast during sex will not expect any secretions to come out. As a matter of fact, if that happens, it could be rather off-putting.


















Normal and abnormal CTG

Question: How does a normal ctg look. If it is abnormal , what does it mean and what should be done? L. (South Africa)


Answer: A cardiotocograph (CTG) is the most widely used tool to monitor fetal well-being in late pregnancy and particularly in labour. This is of-course a broad subject that cannot be dealt with adequately in this kind of setting.

We have discussed the issue of fetal distress and what actions to take in case of an abnormal CTG in another section of the site which you can reach by clicking here:





Abdominal discomfort; nausea in early pregnancy

Question: i am nearly 10 weeks pregnant. I have had two previous miscarriages.but i do have a child of 2 years old. i have been feeling very sick unlike the pregnancies. I was sitting down when i heard a tear like noise in my stomach and then a uncomfortable feeling. Please explain what this may mean. S. (UK)


Answer: I do understand the inevitability of anxiety in early pregnancy when there is a history of miscarriages in the past. However, from your description, I doubt very much the symptoms you have experienced will have anything to do with the pregnancy. Remember, it is impossible for you to feel any movements of the fetus or any activity taking place in the womb at that stage. Remember, at 10 weeks, the fetus is still absolutely tiny weighing approximately 4 grams and measuring around 3 cm (just over an inch) from top to toe.


The fact that you have been feeling sick is, in a way, a good thing. It indicates viability of the pregnancy. In some cases, when pregnancy symptoms are more pronounced than usual, it may signify multiple pregnancy (twins etc.). If you have yet to book for antenatal care, it is high time you do so and the booking ultrasound scan will go a long way in, hopefully, reassuring you.





Contractions are 10 minutes apart

Question: Hi; If my contractions are 10 mins apart (that's when they say I should go to the hospital), how dilated will I be? Thanks. S.B. (New Zealand)


Answer: It depends on whether this is your first baby or you have had children before. If you are a primigravida (first baby), regular contractions 10 minutes apart may mean you are just establishing in labour. Technically, labour is not established until you are 3 cm dilated. However, in a first pregnancy you can reach that rate of contractions before the cervix is 3 cm dilated. The overarching message in the advice is that you should only go to hospital when you are established in labour. Good luck and best wishes for the impending arrival.




Large baby?

Question: I am 28 wks + 3 days pregnant and just had a scan which mentioned my baby has a large stomach and is 1 lb more than my 1st child at this stage and she was born at 28wks +1 day. Should I be concerned, what are the possibilities. M.R. (UK)


Answer: There are crucial pieces of information missing from your details that will hamper the clarity of the answer that I am about to give. You have not said why you delivered so early in the last pregnancy and how much exactly the baby weighed. It is probably safe for me to make an assumption that there was something serious going on to force a delivery at such an early stage. If that was the case, then the bay’s weight may have been affected by what was going on. The average weight of a fetus at 28 weeks is about 1000 grams (2lb 2oz), give or take a few grams. The apparent discrepancy in weight between the two babies may be explained by, either your baby having been quite small last time or this baby being larger than average.


You said that the baby has been found to have ‘a large stomach’ by which I assume you mean the abdominal circumference. This would suggest to me to mean that the baby appears to be above average size. The most likely explanation for that is that the baby is just constitutionally big. Gestational diabetes is another likely cause of an above average size fetus and I would assume a test for this has or would be offered if deemed appropriate.  



More questions and answers on the next page

Breasts are usually less firm after a pregnancy. However, sensitivity in the nipples is not reduced.