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Pregnancy Bliss | Reproductive Health Hub

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Chickenpox can recur but that is rather rare. Immunity is usually life-long. This means, contact with a person with chicken pox when you are pregnant should be no cause for worry if you had had it yourself in the past.

Lactoferrin supplement useful in pregnancy? It is somehow doubtful

Conception with an under-active thyroid

Question:  My fiance has an under-active Thyroid and is worried after marriage, that if we decide to have a child, this will affect the development and birth of the child. I have not been able to get very much information on the internet other than miscarriages and things such as that have been associated with it. Is there a list of things that have been diagnosed and what can a couple do with there doctor to keep this regulated if it is indeed a big deal. S.W. (USA)


Answer: An underactive thyroid is associated with potential fertility problem including erratic ovulation (which can make it difficult to conceive), increased risk of miscarriage and prolonged pregnancy. The use of Thyroxine replacement for such a woman is strongly encouraged. Using Thyroxine during pregnancy is essentially safe. However,  a Swedish study covering a period of 10 years, up until 2004 showed that women taking thyroxine during pregnancy have a slightly higher risk of such complications as pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes and the need for caesarean section. Babies also showed a very slight increase of congenital anomalies. However, absolute figures of these were quite small. A summary of this study published in June 2008.


All in all, a woman with an under-active thyroid will be strongly encouraged to use Thyroxine to maximize her chances of successful conception and minimize risk of complications associated with the condition.





Slight bleeding and positive pregnancy test

Question: My period appeared to arrive 1 day late this cycle, but only a slight pinkish discharge which hasn't developed into a proper bleed... I am booked for a fibroid removal by hysteroscopy operation in 2 days time so i have just done a pregnancy test which says that i am pregnant. Is this possible? I know bleeding in early pregnancy is fairly common, but is it usual to begin bleeding when menstruation would be due and to be pregnant? I am a bit confused! Obviously i'm going to cancel the operation in case i actually am pregnant. Thanks for reading this. H.M. (UK)


Answer: It is entirely possible that you are pregnant. In any case, with a positive pregnancy test, your hysteroscopic myomectomy is going to be cancelled.


Slight bleeding in early pregnancy roughly coinciding with the time when the period was due is not uncommon. it is generally believed to be an implantation bleed'. This might be what you have experienced. There is, of-course, that small possibility that yours was a false-positive pregnancy test. The rate of false positive tests is roughly around 2% or 1 in 50. A repeat should remove that doubt.





Exposure to chicken-pox in early pregnancy

Question: I am currently about six weeks pregnant, I just found out that my best friends son who I watch on a regular basis may have chicken pox or measles.  I have had shots for measles and have gotten chicken pox twice, is there any concern for my baby? K.D. (USA)


Answer: I think you can relax. Since you have been immunized against measles and you have had chicken-pox, you are almost certainly immune to both. This means, whichever infection this child has, it will not affect you. Immunity to both tends to be life-long; a fact which brings me to the second issue. You mention that you have had chicken-pox twice. This is, in theory, possible but in practise, it is very rare. It is therefore possible that one of the episodes you had was erroneously labelled as chicken-pox. In any case, that is academic now. The important point is that you are not at risk.

chickenpox recurrence is rare
























Lactoferrin supplement in pregnancy

Question: Is a lactoferrin supplement safe to take during pregnancy?  The supplement is called 'face to face' and is available in Superdrug. It is to help clear your skin as I'm really suffering with breakouts, I'm 13 weeks pregnant. I contacted the company who said its safe but I found some contradicting advice on the Internet about lactoferrin so just want a second opinion. Thanks. C.K. (UK)


Answer: Lactoferrin is a natural protein. There is plenty of this in milk and in fact human milk has ten times higher concentrations of lactoferrin than cow's milk. It is known to have strong and broad antibacterial and antiviral activities and this is one reason (among many) why breast-feeding is so encouraged.


Lactoferrin's progressively increasing levels in the body during pregnancy and its abundance in normal food mean supplements of this are almost certainly safe in pregnancy. It has even been used as a supplement substitute for pregnant women who cannot take iron.


What I'm rather puzzled about is its claimed benefit with skin breakouts especially during pregnancy. When these occur, it is almost always a hormonal effect. Yes, lactoferrin has anti-inflammatory properties but this is hardly relevant here.  I cannot therefore see by what mechanism lactoferrin can help with such breakouts.. However, if your experience is different, I cannot argue with that.lactoferrin in pregnancy

















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