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Pregnancy Bliss | Reproductive Health Answers

Fraternal twins: Yet another term used to describe non­-identical twins.

Fundus of uterus: The top of the dome of the uterus. A fundal height refers to the distance between the pubic bone and the topmost point of the uterus. It is used as a guide for the progress of the pregnancy.

Gametes: The eggs (ova) and the sperm. These are the female and male gametes respectively.

Gestation: Pregnancy.

Gestational period: The length of pregnancy, normally described in weeks.

GIFT: A short form of the assisted conception method known as Gamete Intra-fallopian Transfer.

Glycosuria: Sugar in the urine. This is common with diabetes, but may also occur in pregnancy without being abnormal.

Haematoma: A large blood-clot inside the body. It will normally be described by its location: hence a pelvic haematoma refers to a clot in the pelvic cavity, a vulval haematoma is when the clot is beneath the skin on the vulva, and so forth. Also spelt hematoma.

Haemolysis: The breaking-up or destruction of red blood-cells within the bloodstream. It can occur in a variety of conditions. Also spelt hemolysis.

Haemoglobin: This is the oxygen-carrying component within the blood-cells. It is also represented by a more ubiquitous term "Hb". When the haemoglobin count is low, the person is said to have anaemia.
Haemophilia: Genetically inherited conditions which are characterized by bleeding tendencies, low haemoglobin and sometimes the need for repeated blood transfusions.

Hydrops: A condition where the fetus is grossly oedematous, with fluid being found in practically all body cavities, including the chest and abdomen. There are various causes, but it is uncommon.
Identical twins: Twins arising from one egg,- which then divides in two after fertilization.

In vitro fertilization: More popularly known as IVF. A process of assisted conception where an egg and sperm are harvested and fertilization facilitated outside the body. The fertilized embryo is then put back into the mother's womb.

Incompetent cervix: A condition of the cervix, which leads it to open, commonly around the halfway stage of pregnancy, thereby leading to late miscarriage. Also known as Cervical weakness.

IUCD: Stands for Intrauterine Contraceptive Device, which is popularly known by the misleading historical term "coil".

Introitus: The vaginal orifice leading into the vaginal canal.

Involution of uterus: The shrinking of the uterus, which occurs in the days and weeks following delivery.

Kick chart: A fetal movement count chart kept by the mother. It is usually instituted if there is concern about the amount of activity of the fetus. It is a loose guide to the baby’s well-being.
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